Types Of Cancer

General Cancer Information

Cancer is not one disease, but many diseases that occur in different areas of the body. Each type of cancer is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of cells. Under normal conditions, cell reproduction is carefully controlled by the body. However, these controls can malfunction, resulting in abnormal cell growth and the development of a lump, mass, or tumor. Some cancers involving the blood and blood-forming organs do not form tumors but circulate through other tissues where they grow.

A tumor may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Cells from cancerous tumors can spread throughout the body. This process, called metastasis, occurs when cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel in the circulatory or lymphatic systems until they are lodged in a small capillary network in another area of the body. Common locations of metastasis are the bones, lungs, liver, and central nervous system.

The type of cancer refers to the organ or area of the body where the cancer first occurred. Cancer that has metastasized to other areas of the body is named for the part of the body where it originated. For example, if breast cancer has spread to the bones, it is called “metastatic breast cancer” not bone cancer.

Bladder Cancer

Bone Cancer

Brain Cancer

Breast Cancer

Cervical Cancer

Colon Cancer

Esophageal Cancer

Gastric Cancer

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Head and Neck Cancers

Hodgkin Lymphoma


Liver Cancer

Lung Cancer



Multiple Myeloma

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN)

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Ovarian Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Rectal Cancer

Renal Cancer


Skin Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Thyroid Cancer

Uterine Cancer


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